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Bianca Hopes "The B" Group

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Andrew Martin
Andrew Martin

In The Line Of Fire - Die Zweite Chance (1993).mp4


Abstract:Burn-area products from remote sensing provide the backbone for research in fire ecology, management, and modelling. Landsat imagery could be used to create an accurate burn-area map time series at ecologically relevant spatial resolutions. However, the low temporal resolution of Landsat has limited its development in wet tropical and subtropical regions due to high cloud cover and rapid burn-area revegetation. Here, we describe a 34-year Landsat-based burn-area product for wet, subtropical Hong Kong. We overcame technical obstacles by adopting a new LTS fire burn-area detection pipeline that (1) Automatically uniformized Landsat scenes by weighted histogram matching; (2) Estimated pixel resemblance to burn areas based on a random forest model trained on the number of days between the fire event and the date of burn-area detection; (3) Iteratively merged features created by thresholding burn-area resemblance to generate burn-area polygons with detection dates; and (4) Estimated the burn severity of burn-area pixels using a time-series compatible approach. When validated with government fire records, we found that the LTS fire product carried a low area of omission (11%) compared with existing burn-area products, such as GABAM (49%), MCD64A1 (72%), and FireCCI51 (96%) while effectively controlling commission errors. Temporally, the LTS fire pipeline dated 76.9% of burn-area polygons within two months of the actual fire event. The product represents the first Landsat-based burn-area product in wet tropical and subtropical Asia that covers the entire time series. We believe that burn-area products generated from algorithms like LTS fire will effectively bridge the gap between remote sensing and field-based studies on wet tropical and subtropical fire ecology.Keywords: remote sensing; fire; subtropical; rainforest; landsat; burn severity; time-series; pre-processing; seasonal




In The Line Of Fire - Die zweite Chance (1993).mp4



A returner from the first game. It takes a while to show up this time around, but the Napalm Cannon remains as one of the more common of the power weapons. Primary fire launches a slow-moving fireball, which explodes on contact with anything and deals heavy damage in a small radius. Secondary takes up 10 ammo to launch a slower ball that is supposed to send out more, smaller balls to continue damaging anyone caught in the general area. Uses gasoline as ammunition, which Caleb carries a maximum of 100 for.


The second part is Barangay Bayanihan, which aims to promote a communal effort to maintain order and peace while more barangay residents are given the chance to win, hence the Filipino term "bayanihan." It is primarily hosted by Anjo Yllana and Jimmy Santos. All who wish to be eligible to win must bring specific items that the hosts mention and must then race to the numbered spots laid out on the streets in under a minute. The studio hosts pick a random number. The person standing on that number and the three next numbers receive cash prizes and gift packs from the show and its sponsors. The line with the most behaved people, dubbed as the "Bayanihan Line", receives an additional cash prize. In the event of bad weather, the studio hosts select seven entries. The seven winners must each bring plastic bottles and their registration forms to receive a cash prize. This applies to the chosen barangay of the day. For it to qualify, it must be well-organized, clean and well-behaved. Everyday a barangay is added to the list of "qualified" barangays, eventually summing up to more or less 20 barangays for the month. Otherwise, just one violation of the said requirements means the disqualification of that barangay. After each month, the hosts choose three barangays who will win a special prize based on their rank, with the best barangay winning the grand prize and the title of Barangay Bayanihan.[176]


In the elimination round, the pool of contestants are given two letters to line up behind. A letter will be randomly picked, and each of the contestants who lined up behind the lucky letter will be asked a question. The contestants who answered correctly will advance to the next cycle of questioning. If a contestant fails to provide the correct response, a contestant from the other letter will get a chance to answer a question. The fate of the previous contestant depends on the answer of the second contestant. If the second contestant incorrectly answers the question, then the previous contestant advances. If the answer is correct, then the second contestant moves on. All of the contestants who answered correctly will go through another cycle of questioning until only one remains to play the jackpot round.


This summer, large areas of Siberia (including Yakutia) have been on fire. Some pictures from MODIS have already been circulating around the internet (e.g. here and here). And someone beat me to posting VIIRS images already. To make it easier to judge the size of the fires that are visible in the VIIRS Day/Night Band (DNB) image in the last link, here is a close-up with latitude and longitude lines added:


For comparison, here is the M-13 (4.05 µm) image from the same time. The primary purpose of M-13 is to detect wildfires. Notice how all of the hot spots (black spots) line up with all of the light sources that the DNB saw: 041b061a72


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    Ciara Norwood
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    Blair Kelley
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